In this article, we will discuss the benefits of black cumin seed and oil in detail. Have you ever wondered which cumin is the original black cumin? If its happen to you then remember that you are not alone. Nigella sativa and Bunium bulbocastanum are both commonly called black cumin.

Both have therapeutic values and at the same time, both are used as spices. However, there are some common differences between these two cumin seeds. Regarding Nigella sativa, Mohammed has quoted in one of the verses in Koran that these black cumin can heal all diseases except death. Since centuries, people are using black cumin seed to treat many diseases.

The black cumin seeds contain a number of active ingredients. Which includes a powerful compound called thymoquinone (TQ). This thymoquinone can help to reduce inflammation, boost the immune system and can protect against cancer.

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     black cumin seed benefits


About the Plant:

Before going to the details of black cumin benefits let us have a look on some feature of the plant.

  • Black cumin belongs to Ranunculaceae family0
  • It is also known as black caraway, fennel flower, kalonji, and  Nigella Sativa. Its a native plant of Asia, Middle East and Africa.
  • The plant grows up to 20-30cm. And have finely divided linear leaves.
  • Its flower is delicate, pale coloured usually blue or white and has 5/10 petals.
  • On maturity, it produces fruits with seeds. And the seeds used extensively as a flavouring spice in many dishes.
  • Black cumin seed is not only famous for its culinary use but also for its various medical aspects as well.

Role of Kala Jeera in Indian Kitchen:

Kala jeera or black cumin or kalonji, whatever you want to say is an essential ingredient of the Indian kitchen. It acts as an expert to add flavour to our taste buds.

Besides this, Jal Jeera, Curd Milk with jeera, fruit salad with Kala jeera and many more soft drinks can make you feel refreshed in the scorching heat.

Moreover, Kala Jeera powder with curd and salt helps to keep the mind fresh. It also helps in the healthy digestion and healthy functioning of blood. Moreover, black seed oil is extracted from the seed of black cumin. The oil is used for cooking purposes.


Black Cumin seed and its nutritional aspects:

Black cumin or Kala jeer or kalonji have much nutritional and medicinal use. It is used for maternal care after pregnancy. Moreover, it is good for eyes also and can control vomiting. This little but effective spice is loaded with medicinal benefits with almost no risk or side effect. Both black cumin seed and oil are beneficial.

Here, some of the important nutritional aspects of black cumin are illustrated below:



Amount                             100 grams

Calories                             345

Fat                                      23%

(Saturated, Polysaturated, Monosaturated)

Cholesterol                        0%

Sodium                               3%

Potassium                          48%

Carbohydrate                     17%

Dietary Fiber                      160%

Protein                                  30%

Vitamin A                              2-3%

Vitamin C                               30-35%

Calcium                                    120%

Iron                                           102%

Vitamin D                                  0%

Vitamin B6                                 25%

Cobalamin                                   0%

Magnesium                                  96%


Note: This nutritional fact is based on a 2000 calorie diet. And your daily values may differ from it. It can be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.


Black cumin seed oil benefits

Black cumin seed oil can be obtained from fennel flower by cold press procedure. The oil has the following health benefits.

Affects mood: It has a harmonizing effect on mood. Therefore, it has the potential to be helpful in depression, anxiety and mood disorder.


Revitalizes skin: It has stimulating, warming and tonic properties.  Vitamins, minerals and fatty acids present in black cumin seed oil can deliver very gentle yet strong nourishing moisturizer. The nutrients can easily get into the skin and make it hydrated, smooth and nourished with a radiant look. In other words, it revitalizes the skin.


Fights infection: It can prevent fungal infections and blemishes and also can promote the skin’s regeneration. And in this way can give a smoother, brighter and clear complexion. In addition, black cumin seed oil eliminates harmful bacteria.


Nourishes hair: the vital nutrients present in the oil provide essential nutrition and nourishes hair.


Boost Immune system: It can be used medicinally. Black cumin seed oil has antiseptic, anti-bacterial properties. So, it can eliminate harmful topical bacteria and can also prevent their further growth. This way, it can be a reason for the stronger immune system. It also has the potency to alleviate symptoms of asthma and bronchitis.


Others: It can boost the immune system, facilitates the skin’s healing process and can ease muscular aches and joint pain. Moreover, black cumin seed oil can enhance and support the health of the respiratory and digestive system.

As it has carminative property so it can enhance digestion.  It can also reduce discomforts of stomach pain, bloating and gas. Besides this, it eases some type of gastrointestinal disorders also.


Chemical constituents and their benefits

Owing to its chemical constituents, black cumin seed oil has many therapeutic properties. And let’s try to find out why it is so much beneficial and how it works.

The main chemical component of black cumin seed carrier oil are some acids, such as Stearic acid, Palmitic acid, Oleic acid and the famous Linoleic acid.


Stearic acid

  • The stearic acid is known to have cleansing properties that can eliminate dirt, sweat and sebum from the skin as well as from hair.
  • It is being an emulsifying agent can bind water with oil.
  • Helps to store products for a longer period of time.
  • It also has a special quality to protect hair and condition it also without reducing its shine and lustre.
  • It is blessed with exceptional cleansing properties.
  • Helps to soften skin also.


Palmitic acid

  • Palmitic acid is known to have emollient quality.
  • It can soften hair without leaving any greasy or sticky effect.
  • Its the most common saturated fatty acid.


Oleic acid

  • The main component of oleic acid is omega-9. It is very beneficial for skin and hair.
  • It can maintain the softness, suppleness and radiance of skin as well as hair.
  • Can stimulate the growth of stronger, thicker and longer hair.
  • Improves immunity.
  • Reduce the signs of ageing.
  • Can exhibit antioxidant properties.
  • Prevent joint pain also.


Linoleic acid

  • The main component of this acid is omega-6, which is very much important for skin and hair.
  • It can moisturize hair and promote its growth.
  • Helpful in the healing of wounds quickly.
  • Its an effective emulsifier in the formation of soaps and quick-drying oils.
  • Can exhibit anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Increase moisture retention of skin and hair.
  • Can soothe acne and also can reduce their further outbreaks.
  • Can sustain skins elasticity and thus slow down the signs of ageing.

Health benefits of black cumin seed (Kala Jeera)

Apart from the oil black cumin seed itself is used to treat various ailments.  So, here are some impressive health benefits of black cumin seed discussed below.


Loaded with anti-oxidants

The well-known substance- antioxidants are substances that can neutralize harmful free radicals and can prevent the cells from oxidation.

Many researchers have been proved that antioxidants have an effective impact on health and many diseases also.

Not only that several types of research also says that antioxidants may protect from several chronic diseases such as cancer, obesity, diabetes and many types of heart diseases also.

And black cumin seed is loaded with various compounds which acts as a potent antioxidant, like thymoquinone, carvacrol, t-anethole, and 4-terpineol etc.

Kalonji has essential oil which also acts as an antioxidant.

Summary: Some researches have shown that the high antioxidant present in black cumin seed can prevent and protect against many diseases.


Can lower cholesterol

A fat-like substance found in your body is referred to as cholesterol. It is true that you need a little amount of it but if its amount becomes higher then it can build up in your bloodstream and trigger up the risk of heart diseases.

Now the thing is black cumin seed or kalonji can be an effective remedy for lowering cholesterol.

Studies found that supplementing with black cumin seed was associated with effective decreasing in both total and bad LDL cholesterol, as well as blood triglycerides.

It can be surprising to know that black cumin seed oil or kalonji oil had much more effective than its powder. The powdered form can increase the levels of good HDL cholesterol.

A study has been shown that people with diabetes when supplementing with black cumin seed for near about one year decreased total cholesterol along with LDL cholesterol, while increased HDL cholesterol.

Another study on diabetes people showed that taking 2 grams of kalonji for 12 weeks can reduce both total and LDL cholesterol.

SUMMARY: Several types of research have found that supplementing with black cumin seed or kalonji can help to reduce both total and bad LDL cholesterol in a significant way.


Have cancer-fighting properties

Black cumin seed or kalonji is loaded with antioxidant so it can help to neutralize harmful free radicals. That can contribute to the development of a severe disease like cancer.

Studies have found some effective results regarding the potential anti-cancer effects of black cumin seed. And the main compound of it which is responsible for this is known as thymoquinone.

This thymoquinone can induce cell death in blood cancer cells.

Studies show that black cumin seed and its components can also be effective for breast, pancreatic, lung, cervical, skin, prostate and colon cancer.

But some more studies have been needed to become sure whether black cumin seed has any cancer-fighting benefits when used as a spice or as a supplement.

SUMMARY: Researches found that black cumin seed and its compounds can exhibit anti-cancer properties.


Can protect from allergies

Several studies found that Black cumin seed or Nigella Sativa can be an effective remedy for various allergic rhinitis. It can give relief from the most common nasal allergy symptoms such as

  • Running Nose
  • Congestion
  • Sneezing

And swelling of the nasal passages etc.

SUMMARY: Nigella sativa can serve as an effective remedy for several nasal allergies.


Helps to kill bacteria

Most of the bacteria are harmful and disease-causing. And they can cause a long list of infectious diseases.

Researches found that black cumin seed or kalonji has some anti-bacterial qualities. And also can fight with certain strains of bacteria.

Various studies show that black cumin can inhibit the growth of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) along with some other strains of bacterias also.

More studies have been needed to confirm that how black cumin may affect various strains of bacteria in the body.

SUMMARY: Studies have found that black cumin can be effective against several types of bacteria caused diseases.


Alleviate inflammation

Inflammation is a normal immune response of the body that can help to protect the body from severe injury and infections.

But it should be remembered that if the inflammation becomes chronic then it can contribute to a variety of diseases, ranges from cancer to diabetes and heart disease.

Now the good thing is that black cumin or kalonji has powerful anti-inflammatory effects in the body.

Daily intake of 1000mg of black cumin can reduce inflammation and oxidative stress.

Studies found that the active ingredient thymoquinone present in kalonji helped to reduce inflammation in the pancreatic cancer cell.

 SUMMARY: Studies found that black cumin along with its active ingredients can help to reduce markers of inflammation.


Helps to protect the liver

As we all know that the liver is the most important organ of the body. It helps to remove toxins from the body, metabolises drugs, processing of nutrients, produces proteins and several chemicals that are vital for health.

Various studies found that black cumin can help to protect the liver against several injuries and damages.

Black cumin can reduce the toxicity of several chemicals and thus protect the liver and kidney as well.

SUMMARY: Studies found that black cumin can protect the liver from damage and injuries.


Helpful in blood sugar regulation

Diabetes or high blood sugar can cause several negative symptoms in the body. Including fatigue, weight loss, thirst increase etc.

Moreover, if it becomes chronic then it leads to some serious consequences like nerve damage, eyesight problem and slow wounds healing etc.

Studies found that black cumin can help to keep blood sugar level in a steady way and thus reduce these adverse effects.

Daily usage of black cumin seed can reduce fasting blood sugar, insulin resistance and average blood sugar.

SUMMARY: Black cumin supplement can reduce blood sugar levels.


Can prevent peptic ulcer

When stomach acids eat up the layers of protective mucus that lines the stomach then stomach ulcer takes place. And it’s a painful sore.

Black cumin or kalonji have the ability to preserve the lining of the stomach and thus prevent the formation of an ulcer.

However, further researches have been needed to know that how kalonji helps to prevent stomach ulcer in humans.

SUMMARY: Studies found that black cumin can helps to protect the stomach lining from the stomach ulcer.


How to add black cumin in your everydat diet?

Various ways are present to add black cumin in your daily routine.

It has a bitter taste. It’s taste ranging in between onions and oregano.

You can use it by toasted it a little bit and then makes a powder form of it. It can also be added as a whole spice to enhance the flavour of different dishes.

Some like to have the black cumin seeds in raw form along with card, smoothies, oatmeal, water or honey.

Moreover, the oil of black cumin seed can also be used as a natural remedy for hair growth. It can also use to reduce inflammation and can treat certain skin conditions also.

Last but not the least black cumin supplements are also available in capsule and soft gel form for a fast and effective dose.


Benefits of black cumin seed for skin

 1. It can fight acne, clogged pores and inflammation:

The most beneficial effect of black cumin seed oil for skin is its anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. And for that purpose can help to reduce clogged pores and control excess oil secretion. It can also reduce redness of the skin and also soothe irritation.

And its use is very simple for these skin issues. What you need to do is just massage a few drops of this oil on the affected area of the skin or you can apply it overall on the skin. And you can see a visible result in just a week.


2. It is effective for wrinkles:

You should remember that you could not find an oil more nourishing than black cumin seed oil. As because it contains more than 100 important vitamins(mainly vitamin A, B, C) and minerals.

And for that purpose, it helps the skin to retain its moisture. Maintain its elasticity and also can fight with the harmful free radicals. That is known to accelerate the ageing process.

Moreover, it has also a nice amount of fatty acids. Which helps to reduce fine lines and wrinkles at an early age.


Helps to fade dark spots:

If you use this oil on a regular basis then it can promise you to fades and reduce dark spots. Which may cause due to sun’s UV radiation or due to hormonal imbalance or due to age. It can also prevent the skin from discolouration.

And for all these purposes you should be thankful to vitamin A, fatty acids and amino acids which present in the black cumin seed oil.

That is very much helpful for the regeneration of skin cells and thus reducing the appearance of discolouration


The takeaway

Black cumin seed or Kala jeera or kalonji whatever you want to say is a renowned spice that is famous for its culinary as well as medicinal aspects.

From centuries it had been used traditionally as a spice and also for treating a variety of ailments such as Anti-Fungal, Anti-Bacterial, Anti-Inflammatory, Diuretic, Anti-Viral, Anti-spasmodic, Bronchodilator, Hepato-Protective, Immune-enhancer, Metabolism- booster, Anti-coagulant, Thermogenic, Carminative, Appetizing, Digestive etc.

Moreover, black cumin seed can be associated with numerous health benefits.

Not only that for its vitamins and mineral contents and beneficial effects on the skin some beauty industries getting wise to use black cumin seed oil in their beauty products.

But remember that most of the studies had been conducted on animals and in test-tubes. So further researches are needed to become sure for about adding black cumin seed in your diet or just used it as a supplement.


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